Bioplastics are biodegradeable plastics derived from sources other than petroleum, especially chemicals which are of biological origin or are commonly found in biological systems. Examples of polymers fitting this description include such compounds as chitin, chitosan, and cellulose. The objective of our research is to study the properties, production, and potential applications of these and other bioplastics, including, but not limited to, their use in 3D printing. One notable prospective use of bioplastics in industrial manufacturing involves making disposable single-use items more environmentally friendly and sustainable: Where a petroleum-based plastic bottle takes several centuries to decompose, the same product made from bioplastics could conceivably fully degrade within a matter of months with little or no lasting ecological impact.
- Christian Joy Oropeo
- Erick Shepherd
Began: 1 April 2016
Last updated: 6 June 2016
If you would like to contribute or have questions about this project, please contact Christian Joy Oropeo at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Chitin is derived from the monosaccharide glucose. It is synthesized by a number of living organisms, including insects, crustaceans, and fungi.
Like chitin, cellulose is synthesized in biological systems from D-glucose. It is most commonly found in plants.
- Javier G. Fernandez and Donald E. Ingber, Manufacturing of Large-Scale Functional Objects Using Biodegradable Chitosan Bioplastic. Weinheim: Wiley-VHC, 2014.
- Marguerite Rinaudo, Chitin and chitosan: Properties and applications. Grenoble: Elsevier, 2006.